How much time is wasted loading and unloading?
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has issued a public call for truckers to monitor how much time is spent loading and unloading trucks. The FMCSA says they need more information on trucker detention time while at shippers and receivers in order to understand how the delays from loading and unloading impact highway safety.
A 2018 study issued by the Department of Transportation's Office of Inspector General estimated that waiting at loading docks reduces income by "$1.1 billion to $1.3 billion for for-hire commercial motor vehicle drivers in the truckload sector." According to the report loading and unloading times impact the drivers between $1,281 and $1,534 per year.
The study also found that the more time spent in detention was associated with increased crashed rates: “We estimated that a 15-minute increase in average dwell time—the total time spent by a truck at a facility—increases the average expected crash rate by 6.2 percent.”
The DOT study hypothesizes that longer detention times not only increase fatigue, but can also "cause frustration and reduced income and may contribute to dangerous behaviors such as speeding and violations of (hours of service) requirements".